Διεθνής Αμνηστία: «Η ΕΕ ποινικοποιεί την αλληλεγγύη» – Έκθεση για το προσφυγικό

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Διώξεις εναντίον εκείνων που βοηθούν τους μετανάστες, παρενόχληση οργανώσεων, κατάχρηση αντιτρομοκρατικών διατάξεων: η Ευρώπη είναι ένα «φρούριο» που «ποινικοποιεί την αλληλεγγύη», καταγγέλλει η Διεθνής Αμνηστία σε έκθεση που δόθηκε σήμερα στη δημοσιότητα και καταγράφει προβληματικές περιπτώσεις σε τουλάχιστον οκτώ χώρες.

Η έκθεση, που βασίζεται σε έρευνα που διενεργήθηκε την περίοδο 2017-2019, επικρίνει την «καταχρηστική χρήση νόμων εναντίον διακινητών και αντιτρομοκρατικών μέτρων» προκειμένου να αποθαρρυνθούν όσοι βοηθούν πρόσφυγες, μετανάστες και αιτούντες άσυλο.

«Πράξεις ανθρωπισμού και αλληλεγγύης δεν πρέπει ποτέ να θεωρούνται απειλή για τη δημόσια τάξη και την εθνική ασφάλεια (…) αυτό πρέπει να είναι αυτονόητο», δηλώνει στους δημοσιογράφους ο Φρανσίς Περέν, αντιπρόεδρος του γαλλικού τμήματος της Διεθνούς Αμνηστίας.

H Διεθνής Αμνηστία δίνει μια εικόνα της κατάστασης στην Ευρώπη, παρακολουθώντας εξίσου χώρες που είναι σημεία εισόδου (Ελλάδα, Μάλτα, Ιταλία, Ισπανία, Κροατία) όσο και άλλες στο εσωτερικό της ένωσης (Γαλλία, Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο, Ελβετία) καταγγέλλοντας «καταχρηστικές νομικές διώξεις».

Παράλληλα, αναφέρεται στον εκφοβισμό, στην παρενόχληση και στις διώξεις σε βάρος ΜΚΟ που καταγγέλλουν παράνομες επαναπροωθήσεις στην Κροατία, τη δίκη ενός Γάλλου οδηγού ορειβασίας ο οποίος κατηγορείται ότι έδωσε ζεστά ρούχα σε μετανάστες, τις κατασχέσεις σκαφών διάσωσης στη θάλασσα στην Ιταλία. Ή ακόμη τη φυλάκιση, για τρεις μήνες, στην Ελλάδα της ακτιβίστριας Σάρα Μαρντίνι, η οποία έγινε διάσημη επειδή διέσωσε μετανάστες στη Μεσόγειο και θεωρήθηκε ύποπτη ότι ανήκει σε δίκτυο διακινητών.

Όσοι δείχνουν αλληλεγγύη στους μετανάστες διώκονται συχνά για «βοήθεια σε παράνομη είσοδο» στην επικράτεια, όπως διώκονται και οι διακινητές, λέει η ερευνήτρια Ριμ Χαντραουί. Προκειμένου να αποφευχθεί αυτό εκτιμά πως η ευρωπαϊκή οδηγία για την καταπολέμηση των διακινητών, η οποία ως έχει «δεν ευθυγραμμίζεται με το διεθνές δίκαιο», πρέπει να αλλάξει ώστε να βάζει στο στόχαστρο μόνον εκείνους που αποσπούν «υλικό όφελος».

Η Διεθνής Αμνηστία καταγγέλλει επίσης την επίκληση της έννοιας της «τρομοκρατίας» από τη δικαιοσύνη ή άλλες αρχές.

Στη Μάλτα, τρεις έφηβοι διώκονται με αυτή την κατηγορία αφού αντιτάχθηκαν στο καπετάνιο ενός πλοίου που ήθελε να τους πάει στη Λιβύη. Στο Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο, 15 ακτιβιστές κατηγορήθηκαν επίσης για «σχέσεις με την τρομοκρατία» επειδή έσπασαν μια περίφραξη στο αεροδρόμιο του Λονδίνου προκειμένου να αντιτεθούν στην αναχώρηση ενός αεροπλάνου που επρόκειτο να επαναπατρίσει δεκάδες μετανάστες.

«Είναι λίγο η μαγική λέξη προκειμένου να φιμωθεί κάθε αντίθεση», εκτιμά η Χαντραουί, υπενθυμίζοντας πως η Γαλλία δικαιολογεί τους ελέγχους στα γαλλο-ιταλικά σύνορα στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση επικαλούμενη τον κίνδυνο τρομοκρατικής απειλής.

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180 απαντήσεις στο “Διεθνής Αμνηστία: «Η ΕΕ ποινικοποιεί την αλληλεγγύη» – Έκθεση για το προσφυγικό”

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