Αντισυνταγματική από το ΣτΕ η ένταξη ολόκληρων κλάδων στον ΕΦΚΑ

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Διαβάστε επίσης

Στη διάσκεψη της Ολομέλειας του ΣτΕ την Παρασκευή, παραμονή του Λαζάρου, οι σύμβουλοι με ψήφους 17 υπέρ, 8 κατά δικαίωσαν τους κλάδους των ελεύθερων επαγγελματιών και των αυτοαπασχολούμενων επιστημόνων που προσέφυγαν στο ανώτατο δικαστήριο κρίνοντας αντισυνταγματική:

α) Την ένταξη των ελεύθερων επαγγελματιών, των αυτοαπασχολούμενων επιστημόνων (μηχανικοί, γιατροί, δικηγόροι) αλλά και των αγροτών στον ΕΦΚΑ. Αντίθετα, κρίθηκε σύννομη η ένταξη στον φορέα των δημοσίων υπαλλήλων, καθώς και των μισθωτών του ιδιωτικού τομέα.

β) Τον υπολογισμό της εισφοράς του ΕΦΚΑ με βάση το εισόδημα που δηλώνουν οι ελεύθεροι επαγγελματίες (26,95% επί του εισοδήματος).

Αυτό αναφέρεται σε ρεπορτάζ της ιστοσελίδας protothema.gr όπου επίσης σημειώνεται ότι το μπαράζ προσφυγών κατά του νόμου Κατρούγκαλου των επιστημονικών φορέων, των εμπόρων και της Γενικής Συνομοσπονδίας Επαγγελματιών Βιοτεχνών Εμπόρων Ελλάδος (ΓΣΕΒΕΕ) άρχισε από πέρυσι τον Φεβρουάριο και κορυφώθηκε τον Οκτώβριο. Φορείς αλλά και ιδιώτες σε κάποιες περιπτώσεις ζητούσαν από το Συμβούλιο της Επικρατείας να ακυρωθεί ως αντίθετα και αντισυνταγματικά στο πρώτο πρόσθετο πρωτόκολλο της Ευρωπαϊκής Σύμβασης για τα Δικαιώματα του Ανθρώπου (ΕΣΔΑ), στο Διεθνές Σύμφωνο για τα Ατομικά και Πολιτικά Δικαιώματα του ΟΗΕ και στον Χάρτη των Θεμελιωδών Δικαιωμάτων της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης ο επίμαχος ασφαλιστικός νόμος 4387/2016, καθώς και οι σχετικές υπουργικές αποφάσεις που έχουν εκδοθεί.

Το λεγόμενο «χαράτσι» που συνεχώς φουσκώνει (εισφορές υπέρ επικούρησης και εφάπαξ, καθώς και αναδρομικές κρατήσεις) οδηγεί σε εξοντωτική επιβάρυνση τους ελεύθερους επαγγελματίες, καταρρίπτοντας, όπως υποστηρίζουν, την αρχή της αναλογικότητας, με αποτέλεσμα να αυξάνονται οι αποδημητικές ροές προς το εξωτερικό ικανών και ταλαντούχων νέων ανθρώπων.

Από την πλευρά του, το υπουργείο Εργασίας υποβιβάζει τη βόμβα που έρχεται, υποστηρίζοντας ότι στο τέλος θα επικρατήσουν ψυχραιμότερες απόψεις, καθώς η ασφαλιστική μεταρρύθμιση και ο Ενιαίος Φορέας έχουν επιτύχει τον στόχο τους με την αύξηση των εσόδων, τη μείωση της συνταξιοδοτικής δαπάνης ως ποσοστού του ΑΕΠ και τη βελτίωση των παροχών.

Αρμόδιες κυβερνητικές πηγές σε γνώση των οποίων περιήλθε το αποτέλεσμα της διάσκεψης του ΣτΕ δηλώνουν αιφνιδιασμένες. Κάποια στελέχη μάλιστα κάνουν λόγο ακόμη και για «πολιτικό παιχνίδι του ΣτΕ», χαρακτηρισμό τον οποίο προφανώς και δεν αποδέχονται παράγοντες του νομικού κόσμου και της Δικαιοσύνης, τονίζουν μάλιστα ότι η απόφαση ελήφθη με το συντριπτικό 17-8, επομένως δεν μπορεί να στοιχειοθετηθεί οποιαδήποτε αμφιβολία και ένσταση.

Η δημοσιοποίηση της απόφασης αναμένεται ότι θα ταρακουνήσει τα θεμέλια του ΕΦΚΑ, αφού ο φορέας έχει στηθεί με βάση ενιαίους κανόνες ασφάλισης και συνταξιοδότησης για όλους τους κλάδους των ασφαλισμένων. Αν ακυρωθεί η ένταξη μερίδας ασφαλισμένων στον ΕΦΚΑ, ουσιαστικά ξηλώνονται όλο το νομοθέτημα και η αρχιτεκτονική του συστήματος. Και αυτή η νέα απειλή ενσκήπτει τη στιγμή που η κυβέρνηση προσπαθεί στο παρασκήνιο να σπρώξει για το 2020 την περικοπή των κύριων συντάξεων, ώστε να εφαρμοστεί μαζί με το αφορολόγητο.

Η απόφαση του ανώτατου δικαστηρίου αναμένεται να εκδοθεί τον ερχόμενο μήνα.

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