Έλον Μασκ: «Αθάνατος δικτάτορας» μπορεί να γίνει η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη στο μέλλον

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Για άλλη μια φορά ο επιχειρηματίας Έλον Μασκ, ιδρυτής της Tesla και της Space X, εξέφρασε τις ανησυχίες του για την τεχνητή νοημοσύνη. Μάλιστα, αυτή τη φορά, μιλώντας στο πλαίσιο ενός νέου ντοκιμαντέρ με τίτλο «Εμπιστεύεστε αυτόν τον υπολογιστή;», ανέφερε ότι η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη μπορεί κάποτε να μετατραπεί σε «αθάνατο δικτάτορα».

Έχοντας άμεση πρόσβαση στην παραμικρή πληροφορία για κάθε άνθρωπο του πλανήτη και μπορώντας να κάνει εκατομμύρια υπολογισμούς σε κλάσμα του δευτερολέπτου και να παίρνει κρίσιμες αποφάσεις, η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη ίσως κάποτε είναι σε θέση όχι μόνο να ελέγχει την παγκόσμια οικονομία και τα οπλικά συστήματα, αλλά τελικά να ενδυθεί τον μανδύα του διδάκτορα – και μάλιστα του αθάνατου, αφού δεν θα πεθαίνει.

Αυτό το σκοτεινό σενάριο μπορεί να γίνει πραγματικότητα, σύμφωνα με τον Μασκ, αν οι έρευνες για την τεχνητή νοημοσύνη δεν τεθούν έγκαιρα υπό έλεγχο και ρυθμιστική εποπτεία.

«Κατευθυνόμαστε ταχέως προς μια ψηφιακή υπερνοημοσύνη που θα υπερβαίνει κατά πολύ οποιονδήποτε άνθρωπο», δήλωσε ο Μασκ και προειδοποίησε ότι «αν μια εταιρεία ή μια μικρή ομάδα ανθρώπων καταφέρει να αναπτύξει θεϊκή ψηφιακή υπερνοημοσύνη, θα κυριαρχήσει στον κόσμο».

«Τουλάχιστον όταν υπάρχει ένας κακός δικτάτορας, είναι ένας άνθρωπος που κάποτε θα πεθάνει. Όμως για την τεχνητή νοημοσύνη δεν υπάρχει θάνατος. Μπορεί να ζει για πάντα και έτσι θα υπάρχει ένας αθάνατος δικτάτορας από τον οποίο δεν θα μπορούμε ποτέ να ξεφύγουμε», πρόσθεσε.

«Αν η τεχνητή νοημοσύνη έχει ένα στόχο και η ανθρωπότητα απλώς συμβαίνει να παρεμβάλλεται σε αυτόν, θα καταστρέψει την ανθρωπότητα σαν κάτι φυσικό, χωρίς καν να το σκεφτεί», ανέφερε ο Μασκ. «Είναι σαν να φτιάχνουμε ένα δρόμο και ένα μυρμήγκι συμβεί να βρεθεί στο δρόμο μας. Δεν μισούμε τα μυρμήγκια, απλώς φτιάχνουμε ένα δρόμο. Κι, έτσι, αντίο μυρμήγκι…».

Ήδη από το 2014 ο Μασκ έχει αποκαλέσει την τεχνητή νοημοσύνη «τη σοβαρότερη απειλή για την ύπαρξη της ανθρωπότητας». Μεταξύ άλλων, έχει δηλώσει ότι «αποτελεί άπειρα μεγαλύτερη απειλή από ό,τι η Βόρεια Κορέα» και ότι «η υιοθέτηση της τεχνητής νοημοσύνης είναι σαν να κάνεις επίκληση στο Διάβολο». Επίσης έχει εκφράσει φόβους ότι εξαιτίας της θα πυροδοτηθεί ο επόμενος παγκόσμιος πόλεμος.

Ο Μασκ πλήρωσε τα έξοδα για να προβάλλεται δωρεάν το ντοκιμαντέρ «Do you trust this computer?» στο YouTube μέσα στο σαββατοκύριακο, ώστε να μπορεί να το δει όποιος θέλει ελεύθερα. Σπεύσατε!

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