Guardian: Άθλιες οι συνθήκες στα νησιά για τους πρόσφυγες

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Για άλλη μια φορά ο βρετανικός Guardian αναφέρεται στις άθλιες συνθήκες διαβίωσης των μεταναστών στα νησιά του Ανατολικού Αιγαίου.

«Παρά το γεγονός ότι έχει δοθεί σημαντική βοήθεια στην Αθήνα – σύμφωνα με την Κομισιόν υπάρχουν διαθέσιμα 430 εκατ. δολάρια – η κατάσταση στα hotspot παραμένει άθλια και το ίδιο δραματική όπως πριν από έναν χρόνο. Παραμένει μια μεγάλη κρισή, αν και ξεχασμένη καθώς η προσοχή όλων στρέφεται στους μετανάστες που περνάνε από τη Λιβυή, την Τυνισία και την Αλγερία» αναφέρει η βρετανική εφημερίδα.

Η κατάσταση στον καταυλισμό στο Βαθύ της Σάμου αποτέλεσε την αιτία ώστε να γραφτεί το συγκεκριμένο άρθρο. Αν και κατασκευάστηκε για να φιλοξενεί 700 ανθρώπους, πλέον μέσα εκεί ζει τετραπλάσιος αριθμός. Λόγω της ασφυκτικής κατάστασης, μάλιστα, έχει δημιουργηθεί ένας δεύτερος αυτοσχέδιος καταυλισμός που γεμίζει από άμμο και χώμα όποτε φυσάει και μπορεί εύκολα να «εξαφανιστεί» στην πρώτη ισχυρή βροχή.

Όσο για τους τουαλέτες αυτές είναι λίγες και βρόμικες με αποτέλεσμα μετανάστες και πρόσφυγες τελικά να μην τις προτιμούν.

Αν και Μη Κυβερνητικές Οργανώσεις αλλά και η Ύπατη Αρμοστεία του ΟΗΕ για τους πρόσφυγες έχουν εκφράσει την ανησυχία τους ενόψει του χειμώνα εντούτοις οι πρόσφυγες καταγγέλλουν ότι όποτε ζητούν ρούχα ή κουβέρτες η μοναδική απάντηση που παίρνουν είναι «αύριο, αύριο».

Η λέξη «συμφόρηση» είναι αυτή που κυριαρχεί στο νησί, παρατηρεί η βρετανική εφημερίδα καθώς σύμφωνα με το ρεπορτάζ της οι μοναδικοί που φεύγουν τελικά από το νησί είναι μόνο οι έγκυες και οι βαριά άρρωστοι.

«Δεκάδες γυναίκες έρχονται στο νοσοκομείο απελπισμένες ελπίζοντας να είναι έγκυοι. Άλλοι πρόσφυγες θέλουν να ακούσουν ότι πάσχουν από σοβαρή ασθένεια. Και ακόμα και αν δεν διαπιστωθεί κάτι σοβαρό στους ίδιους, φέρνουν μαζί γυναίκες και παιδιά. Ίσως κάποιος από αυτούς να διαγνωστεί με κάτι σοβαρό» περιγράφει την κατάσταση η επικεφαλής κοινωνικός λειτουργός του νοσοκομείου Σάμου Αναστασία Θεοδωρίδου.

Μάλιστα ενδεικτικό της κατάστασης είναι ότι από τις αρχές του έτους το νοσοκομείο Σάμου έχει υποδεχθεί 7.857 περιστατικά για πρόσφυγες.

Ακατάλληλος για επίτροπος ο Μουζάλας

Το ρεπορτάζ αυτό έρχεται να συμπληρώσει το άρθρο δύο πρώην στελεχών της κυβέρνησης που κατακεραυνώνουν την επιλογή του Μαξίμου να προτείνει για τη θέση του Ευρωπαίου Επιτρόπου για τα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα τον Γιάννη Μουζάλα.

Ο Κωστής Παπαϊωάννου και ο Βασίλης Παπαδόπουλος, που ήταν μέλη της κυβέρνησης από τις θέσεις του γενικού γραμματέα Διαφάνειας και Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων του υπουργείου Δικαιοσύνης και του γενικού γραμματέα Μεταναστευτικής Πολιτικής, αντίστοιχα, εξηγούν στο άρθρο τους πως τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα αξίζουν κάτι καλύτερο από τον Γιάννη Μουζάλα, τον οποίο θεωρούν «ακατάλληλο».

Αναλυτικότερα στο άρθρο, μεταξύ άλλων, αναφέρεται πως μολονότι στο εξωτερικό η επιλογή αυτή φαίνεται λογική, στην Ελλάδα έχει ξεσηκώσει συζητήσεις: «Η θητεία του ως υπουργού Μεταναστευτικής Πολιτικής δεν προήγαγε τον σεβασμό στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα», γράφουν.

«Ο σημερινός επίτροπος Νιλς Μούζνιεκς, έχει εκφράσει σοβαρή ανησυχία για τη συμφωνία ΕΕ-Τουρκίας, για τον περιορισμό της ροής Σύρων προσφύγων στην Ελλάδα, με αντάλλαγμα πολιτικές υποχωρήσεις και βοήθεια προς την Αγκυρα. Αντιθέτως, ο Ελληνας υπουργός έχει υπάρξει ένας από τους ένθερμους προστάτες αυτής της αμφιλεγόμενης συμφωνίας. Εχει επιμείνει στην εφαρμογή της και αρνήθηκε όποια εισήγηση από ενδιαφερόμενα μέρη -σε εθνικό και διεθνές επίπεδο- σχετικά με τον αντίκτυπό της στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα. Σε περιπτώσεις που η συμφωνία δεν εφαρμόζεται πλήρως και κανένας Σύρος πρόσφυγας δεν επιστρέφεται δια της βίας στην Τουρκία, αυτό έχει συμβεί εξαιτίας της αποφασιστικής αντίστασης οργανώσεων και δημοσίων υπαλλήλων», γράφουν χαρακτηριστικά.

«Οταν οι ανεξάρτητες επιτροπές που αποφασίζουν για τις προσφυγές για ασύλου στην Ελλάδα αποφάσισαν υπέρ των αιτούντων που αντιστέκονται στην επιστροφή στην Τουρκία, ο Μουζάλας κατηγορήθηκε ότι παρενέβη για να επηρεάσει τις αποφάσεις τους. Οταν αυτό δεν είχε αποτέλεσμα, τροποποίησε τον νόμο για να αλλάξει τη σύνθεση των επιτροπή και να επισπεύσει την επιστροφή Σύρων στην Τουρκία. Αυτή η παρέμβαση έρχεται σε ευθεία αντίθεση με τις αρχές του Συμβουλίου της Ευρώπης, του ίδιου θεςσμού που τώρα είναι υποψήφιος για υψηλόβαθμο ρόλο», επισημαίνουν.

Ακόμη, αποδίδουν στον κ. Μουζάλα ευθύνες για την αποτυχημένη διαχείριση του προσφυγικού ζητήματος στην Ελλάδα. «Η πολιτική της ΕΕ, που στηρίζει η ελληνική κυβέρνηση, είχε ως αποτέλεσμα χιλιάδες πρόσφυγες και μετανάστες να παγιδευτούν σε απαράδεκτες συνθήκες στα ελληνικά νησιά. Τον περασμένο χειμώνα, αυτός ο περιορισμός στα νησιά και η κακοδιαχείριση οδήγησαν σε απώλεια ζωών. Δεν υπήρξε ουσιαστική έρευνα για να αποδοθούν ευθύνες για αυτούς τους θανάτους. Η αποτυχία να παρασχεθούν επαρκείς υποδομές φιλοξενίας ή οι δομές και οι κανόνες που είναι απαραίτητες για την ορθή διαχείριση του προσφυγικού πληθυσμού ανήκει εν μέρει στον Μουζάλα», τονίζουν και συμπληρώνουν ότι η Υπατη Αρμοστεία του ΟΗΕ -όπως και άλλοι οργανισμοί- έχει προειδοποιήσει για τον κίνδυνο παρόμοιων αποτυχιών αυτόν τον χειμώνα.

«Η πολιτική που στηρίζει ο Μουζάλας έχει ρίξει παράλογο βάρος στις τοπικές κοινωνίες των νησιών. Αυτό έγινε χωρίς προγραμματισμό ή προσπάθειες να κερδηθεί η τοπική υποστήριξη και είχε ως αποτέλεσμα σοβαρό κίνδυνο κοινωνικής και πολιτικής αναταραχής», τονίζουν ακόμη οι κ.κ. Παπαϊωάννου και Παπαδόπουλος.

«Είναι ξεκάθαρο ότι η ελληνική κυβέρνηση πρέπει να ξανασκεφτεί την απόφασή της να προτείνει τον Μουζάλα ως επίτροπο ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων στο Συμβούλιο της Ευρώπης», καταλήγουν στο άρθρο τους.

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